Saturday, May 23, 2020
The Death Penalty The Death penalty has been a controversial subject since the beginning of time. People are concerned about the morality of the death penalty thus making it a debatable subject. Because of this, James Freeman, columnist for USA Today, decided to write an editorial on the subject of Ã¢â¬Å"Does America need the death penalty?Ã¢â¬ While being a writer for USA Today, one would think that he would effectively use the appeals of rhetoric (ethos, pathos, and logos), but in fact he does not and concludes with a poorly writing argument. One problem James FreemanÃ¢â¬â¢s editorial faces is through the use of its ethos. Basically, the only credibility he shows is the fact that he writes for the USA Today. He uses statements suchÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This man was a convict and was released only to do damage to the world once more. Maybe James Freeman should have written his column about why America needs the death penalty. With the pathos part of the argument the writer shoul d emotionally connect with the reader to make his point more lucid. Instead, the columnist connects emotionally to make his argument seem unreasonable and foolish. James FreemanÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose for writing this column is unclear because of his failure to use logos. He fails to logically appeal to the reader. Freeman tries to make the reader think that eliminating the death penalty is logical when he added the story of the little boy who was dragged to his death by a released convict. This is strikingly similar to the pathos aspect of the paper. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem too logical to let someone out of prison so that he can go murder little kids. In FreemanÃ¢â¬â¢s plan, he wants to put the guy back in jail so that he can get out again in about fifteen years and do the same thing to someone else. Another point the writer fails to mention is some disadvantages to eliminating the death penalty. He fails to add balance and reasoning to his column. Thus, eradicating a major key to and excellent logical appeal. Another instance where Mr. Freeman fails to logically appeal to his audience is when he mentions how ifShow MoreRelatedThe Death Penalty Is Justified1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAllison Shu 2/25/16 Period 2 Objective paper on the death penalty Capital punishment is legally authorized killing as punishment for a crime. The death penalty questions the morality of killing a person as justification for their crime. It also brings to question whether the death penalty actually serves as a deterrent for crime, and that some of the people executed are found innocent afterwards. The debates over the constitutionality of the death penalty and whether capital punishment should be usedRead MoreThe Death Penalty For Juveniles946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The death penalty for minors differs greatly from the death penalty for adult. The law that minor could be put on death row was decided to rule against the eighth amendment. The eighth amendment prohibits the act of Ã¢â¬Å"cruel and unusual punishmentÃ¢â¬ which putting minors on death row breaks. On March 4, 2005 the law that minors could not be put on death row for their actions was set into place. The new laws say, Ã¢â¬Å"They cannot punish a minor by death penalty and they cannot punish someone for a crimeRead MorePro Death Penalty Speech1482 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesintroduce myself before we get started. My name is Slick Perry and if you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t already know, I am the state governor of Texas. You are all aware that we are reviewing our recidivism rate to various crimes and reviewing our stance regarding the death penalty as we approach 2009. Everyone here understands that capital punishment is a very controversial topic in the United States. In Texas, from December 1982 through August 2008, only 361 criminals of the millions of Texans in our good state were executedRead MoreShould The Death Penalty Be Mandatory?925 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesopinions on the subject. When we were discussing the death penalty although my opinion didnÃ¢â¬â¢t change, after hearing what some of my classmates had to say about the subject during our lab I was able to respectfully see why they had those thoughts and feelings about the subject. I believe that we should have the death penalty, and that it helps prevents more crime from happening. However, during our lab students that thought we should ban the death penalty had some pretty interesting reasons behind theirRead MoreThe Truth About The Death Penalty973 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In her article Ã¢â¬Å"The Truth About The Death PenaltyÃ¢â¬ , Carina Kolodny argues that the death penalty should be abolished in all fifty states due to the fact that it is ineffective and very expensive. Kolodny believes that capital punishment has too many complications and variables that cause it be more of an issue than a real solution for capital offenses. She proposes that the death penalty should be dropped and exchanged for better programs such as Proposition 34, which replaces capital punishmentRead MoreThe Death Penalty Should Be Legal1805 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthat we all know is the death penalty. This penalty has been going around for years. To many people it might be the best way of punishing a person. On the other hand there are people who think that if you kill a person you should be sentenced to die as well. For me I would say it might not be the best way and it not working as many would like it. When choosing if you are for the death penalty you have to okay with an insect person dyeing or even a family member being in death row. I know that is somethingRead MoreThe Death Penalty : An Effective Reliable Tool904 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe death penalty has been a frequent topic of discussion, as our recent technological advancements have evidently led individuals to consider the Ã¢â¬Å"new foundÃ¢â¬ legitimacy of our court systems, as statistics display that our previous racial bias and the apparent morality of the practice itself have a miniscule impact on our conviction rate. Both the advancements and ethics that the death penalty provides become apparent through the utilization of anecdotes and statistics, as the death penalty has prevailedRead MoreThe Bible and Death Penalty Essay example812 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa personÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the Bible influence what they think about the death penalty for murderers.Ã¢â¬ I would like to see if a personÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the bible influence what they think of the death penalty. This is interesting to me because I am interested in the field of criminal justice and the death penalty is a huge topic to this day. There are many journals that talk about studies that were done on religion and views of the death penalty which have to do with my topic of interest. My hypothesis is thatRead More The Death Penalty Is Archaic and Immoral Essays559 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The death penalty is simply a modernized version of the Holy BibleÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a footÃ¢â¬ . Some argue that death is a necessary retribution for murderous cases - but is it effective morally? Revenge only glorifies violence, which is most definitely not the message the world strives to display. The death penalty is a negative form of punishment and insinuates a harsh reflection of society economically, politically, and socially. Read MoreEssay on Death Penalty - Herrera vs Collins1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDeath Penalty - Herrera vs Collins The Supreme Court addressed the constitutionality of executing someone who claimed actual innocence in Herrera v. Collins (506 U.S. 390 (1993)). Although the Court left open the possibility that the Constitution bars the execution of someone who conclusively demonstrates that he or she is actually innocent, the Court noted that such cases would be very rare. The Court held that, in the absence of other constitutional violations, new evidence of innocence is no
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
#8220;Kubla Khan#8221; by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a poem about the creative powers of the poetic mind. Through the use of vivid imagery Coleridge reproduces a paradise-like vision of the landscape and kingdom created by Kubla Khan. The poem changes to the 1st person narrative and the speaker then attempts to recreate a vision he saw. Through the description of the visions of Kubla Khan#8217;s palace and the speaker#8217;s visions the poem tells of the creation of an enchanting beautiful world as the result of power of human imagination. The second part of the poem reveals that although the mind has the ability to create this paradise-like world it is tragically unable to sustain this world. It is believed that #8220;KublaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The river metaphorically represents nature as the source of life of all mans creation. As men cannot measure these caverns, the poet can not completely comprehend the power and dimension of natures influence on poetry but is de pendent on it. In the second stanza the poem shifts focus from the perfect #8220;pleasure dome#8221; created by #8220;Kubla Khan#8221; to the tumultuous landscape that surrounds it. The #8220;sunny spots of greenery#8221; in Khan#8217;s realm in the first stanza are interrupted with the exclamation of #8220;But Oh!#8221; and the reader is exposed to a vision of a #8220;deep romantic chasm#8221;. This landscape is described with extremely contrasting adjectives. It is #8220;savage#8221;, but it is #8220;holy#8221; and #8220;enchanted#8221;. The enchantment is compared to that of a #8220;woman wailing for her demon lover.#8221; This sexual image gives an impression of the earth as mourning for the fulfillment of an evil urge. This chasm below the paradise of Kubla#8217;s #8220;pleasure dome#8221; is plagued with #8220;ceaseless turmoil#8221; or chaos. The result of this turmoil upon the earth is further personified as the earth #8220;breathing#8221; in #8220;fast pants#8221 ;. The earth breaks though it#8217;s constraints and creates a mighty eruption. The power of this eruption sends fragments of rocks dancing and causes the sacred river to beShow MoreRelatedKubla Khan1621 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Kublah KhanÃ¢â¬ Samuel Coleridges poem Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla KhanÃ¢â¬ is an example of romantic creative thought which uses idealistic process to capture a dream of another world. Through the use of strong imagery, Coleridge produces a paradise like vision of a rich landscape, which is surrounded by a dome built by the main character named for the title, Kublah Khan. This alludes to an important aspect of the poems theme, man verses nature. The overriding theme of the work contains extensive imagery that allows forRead MoreThe Paradoxes Of Kubla Khan1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Paradoxes of Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla KhanÃ¢â¬ The Romantic poem Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla KahnÃ¢â¬ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge contains many paradoxes in its description of a certain euphoric scene. Coleridge claimed that he dreamt the poem Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla KahnÃ¢â¬ while in an altered state of consciousness due to an opium high. When he went to write it down, he was disrupted in the middle, and as a result was not able to complete the poem. However, when analyzing the poem that resulted, although it may not have been complete, it serves as a greatRead MoreEssay on Samuel Coleridges Poem Kubla Khan1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSamuel Coleridges Poem Kubla Khan In the poem Kubla Khan by Samuel Coleridge, language is used to convey images from ColeridgeÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination. This is done with the use of vocabulary, imagery, structure, use of contrasts, rhythm and sound devices such as alliteration and assonance. By conveying his imagination by using language, the vocabulary used by coleridge is of great importance. The five lines of the poem Kubla Khan sound like a chant or incantation, and help suggest mystery and supernaturalRead MoreKubla Khan Essay4320 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesKubla Khan If a man could pass thro Paradise in a Dream, have a flower presented to him as a pledge that his Soul had really been there, found that flower in his hand when he awoke -- Aye! and what then? (CN, iii 4287) Kubla Khan is a fascinating and exasperating poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge (. Almost everyone who has read it, has been charmed by its magic. It must surely be true that no poem of comparable length in English or any other language has been the subjectRead MoreKubla Khan: A Dream, or Something Greater Essay2208 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages and so borrow as to repay by the very act of borrowing. Examine nature accurately, but write from recollection, and trust more to the imagination than the memory.Ã¢â¬ Coleridge followed his own advice in the crafting of Kubla Khan; which presents his interpretation of the Kubla Khan court when under the influence of opiates. Due to the complexity of the poem, many have found that the poem lacks a true theme but instead focuses on Ã¢â¬Å"the nature and dialectical process of poetic creation.Ã¢â¬ Coleridge createdRead More Poetic Inspiration in Kubla Khan and Rime of the Ancient Mariner2238 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPoetic Inspiration in Kub la Khan and Rime of the Ancient Mariner Ã Ã Ã Ã An examination of the characters that Coleridge presents in The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan and the situations in which they find themselves reveals interesting aspects of Coleridges own character that are both similar to and different from the characters named in the titles of these poems. In particular, an examination of these characters with an eye toward Coleridges conception of poetic inspirationRead MoreCritical Analysis of Kubla Khan by S.T. Coleridge1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the poem Kubla Khan by Samuel Coleridge, language is used to convey images from Coleridges imagination. This is done with the use of vocabulary, imagery, structure, use of contrasts, rhythm and sound devices such as alliteration and assonance. By conveying his imagination by using language, the vocabulary used by Coleridge is of great importance. The five lines of the poem Kubla Khan sound like a chant or incantation, and help suggest mystery and supernatural themes of the poem. Another importantRead MoreKubla Khan Essay1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof Samuel Taylor ColeridgeÃ¢â¬â¢s paradoxical poem Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla Khan,Ã¢â¬ we see an approach to literacy that is far different than his predecessors. This is partly due to his role as one of the founders of the Romantic Era. Coleridge, along with William Wordsworth, published an anthology of poems entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Lyrical Ballads.Ã¢â¬ This collection was the beginning of an overwhelming movement to praise the power of imagination rather than that of reason. While Ã¢â¬Å"Kubla KhanÃ¢â¬ was not a part of this work, it is still a clearRead More Coleridges Kubla Khan and the Process of Creativity Essay1922 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesColeridges Kubla Khan and the Process of Creati vity Coleridges Kubla Khan is an extremely enchanting poem which is based around the stately pleasure dome of the emperor, Kubla Khan. Although the poem is set around this pleasure dome, it can be noticed that the poem had profound depth to it. If one is able to understand the hidden symbols and meanings within the poem, it becomes clear that Coleridges Kubloa Khan does not simply describe a pleasure dome, it is also a prolongedRead MoreContrast and Comparison of Wordsworths Tintern Abbey and Colderidges Kubla Khan1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesContrast and Comparison of Wordsworths Tintern Abbey and Colderidges Kubla Khan When comparing William Wordsworths Tintern Abbey, and Samuel Colderidges Kubla Khan, one notices a distinct difference in the use of imagination within the two poems. Even though the two poets were contemporaries and friends, Wordsworth and Colderidge each have an original and different way in which they introduce images and ideas into their poetry. These differences give the reader quite a unique experience when
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
WR 98: Intro to College Reading Writing Outline for Ã¢â¬Å"All the Disappearing IslandsÃ¢â¬ A. Paragraph 1: Introduction Julia Whitty writes about the amazing beauty of Tuvalu Islands B. Paragraphs 2-3: General Idea The general idea is the environmental and cultural impact of melting ice caps on the nation of Tuvalu. Global Warming could cause the sea to expand and rise faster than the corals could fortify themselves against it and Tuvalu could disappear beneath the waves. This not only risks the population of the island but also to the unique human culture born and bred in this watery island. C. Paragraphs 4-6: TuvaluÃ¢â¬â¢s traits This is a waterfront property, and no one has ever lived a moment without hearingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Warming oceans might trigger an eruption of methane now frozen beneath the sea floor, leading to global warming on a catastrophic scale. Big nations like Australia and the US who are responsible for most of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s pollution chose to ignore this evidence. Tuvaluans see the evidence with their own eyes every day. Only 75 islanders a year will be accepted as refugees by New Zeland. H. Paragraphs 26-36: TuvaluÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on the future. Even after all the evidence Funafuti seems to be building like a nation with a long term future. New houses are springing up and the nation prosperity is growing. Tuvaluans are very religious. Most of TuvaluÃ¢â¬â¢s landmass is composed of the bones of its people I. Paragraphs 37-40: TuvaluÃ¢â¬â¢s population and culture. Many young Tuvaluans are being sent away for school. Recent population estimates indicate that in the last two years some 2,000 have fled the rising waters. Tuvalu has managed the resources well growing the national fund o $30 million. J. Paragraphs 41-45: The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s response toward global warming. The government is seeking allies among other island nations for a lawsuit against the United States and Australia to be brought in front of the International Court of Justice. Many other islands like Kiribati and Trinidad are have similar issues. Eventually the cost will be high for all nations. K. Paragraph 46: Conclusion. Within the coming decades the atolls of TuvaluShow MoreRelated Dreams of Blacks Deferred in the Poetry of Langston Hughes Essay1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesflooding into the area from all over the world, fleeing from the racial intolerance of the South and the economic problems of the Caribbean and Latin America. Eventually Harlem became an entirely black area. However, this town once filled with much potential soon became riddled with overpopulation, exploitation, and poverty. Thus, what awaited new arrivals was not a dream; rather, it was a dream deferred (Harlem Today). Hughes first poem Harlem clearly outlines the dream deferred themeRead MoreA Dream Deferred - the Poetry of Langston Hughes1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesflooding into the area from all over the world, fleeing from the racial intolerance of the South and the economic problems of the Caribbean and Latin America. Eventually Harlem became an entirely black area. However, this town once filled with much potential soon became riddled with overpopulation, exploitation, and poverty. Thus, what awaited new arrivals was not a dream; rather, it was adream deferred (Harlem Today).brbrHughes first poemHarlem clearly outlines thedream deferred theme,Read MoreBook Report : Tangata O Le Moana2043 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesknew nothing about, and I became thrilled at the thought that this class would help me understand them. Tangata O Le Moana is the required text for PASI 101. It is about the history, lives, and hardships of the pacific people in New Zealand and the islands. This textbook has helped guide me through the class while also providing a way to help me understand the foreign country that is now my home. Throughout this essay, I will summarize the information that is given throughout the book. Then, I willRead More The Bermuda Triangle Essay1902 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesalarming rate. A small part of the Bermuda Triangle lies in the Sargasso Sea. This sea is best known for its tall, thick, floating seaweed called Sargassum. The seaweed is thought to be a forest that once rested on an island in the Atlantic Ocean. According to legend, the island sank at a very quick pace, taking with it the forest and vegetation. One of the most notable disappearances is that of Flight 19. This was basically what started the craze. The flight consisted of five Navy TBM AvengerRead MoreIso 9000, Service Quality and Ergonomics Stanislav Karapetrovic5464 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesOF GAZA For Authors: If you would like to write for this, or any other Emerald publication, then please use our Emerald for Authors service. Information about how to choose which publication to write for and submission guidelines are available for all. Please visit www.emeraldinsight.com/authors for more information. About Emerald www.emeraldinsight.com With over forty years experience, Emerald Group Publishing is a leading independent publisher of global research with impact in business, societyRead MoreThree Waves of Variation Study14802 Words Ã |Ã 60 Pagesin the study of variation The first quantitative community study of variation was all about social meaning. Based on ethnographic observations and interviews on Martha s Vineyard, William Labov (Labov 1963) established that the pronunciation of /ay/ had been recruited as an indexical resource in a local ideological struggle. This diphthong had a centralized nucleus in the Vineyard dialect, but for some years, island speakers had been following the mainland trend to lower the nucleus to [Ãâ]. LabovRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 PagesOxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries Copyright Ã © 2003 by Ennis Barrington Edmonds The moral rights of the authors have been asserted Database right Oxford University Press (maker) All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expressly permitted by law, or underRead MoreMalaysia Airlines Business Plan9468 Words Ã |Ã 38 Pages This Business Plan outlines our near-term recovery plan to move us to profitability by 2013, as well as a set of Ã¢â¬Ëgame changersÃ¢â¬â¢ to sustain our performance and create a platform for continued growth for Malaysia AirlinesÃ¢â¬â¢ future. Executing this plan is key to our recovery. It will require complete focus and commitment to make hard and difficult decisions in the next 24 months and the strongest determination to see these initiatives succeed. To the Malaysia Airlines Team, all our stakeholders andRead MoreA View from the Bridge Essay10643 Words Ã |Ã 43 PagesInitially, A View From the Bridge depicts a detached and an objective view from the top; it refers to the ideal vantage-point for the captain on a boat, we are made to think of a more panoramic view, we get a bigger perspective of the world, a view of all the little consequences taking place in the R ed Hook community below, being joined together to form a puzzle of false values, spite and love. Mr. Alfieri, a wise lawyer could be referred to a Ã¢â¬Ëclairvoyant-powerless narratorÃ¢â¬â¢, he is one of the charactersRead MoreInfrastructure for Knowledge Management42738 Words Ã |Ã 171 Pages......................................................15 Individual Characteristics of a Knowledge Worker ..............................................................15 A note to all CEO s................................................................................................................17 A note to all Managers: .........................................................................................................17 Types Of Knowledge We Should Cultivate .......................
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
APA Codes of Ethics: 3.05 Multiple Relationships Introduction The relationship between a therapist and their client is a very important. However, too many relationships with a client can be potentially harmful to the client as well as the therapist. American Psychological Association (APA) Codes of Ethics 3.05a deals with how to ethically handle multiple relationships. A dual or a multiple relationship exists whenever a counselor has other connections with a client in addition or in succession to the counselorÃ¢â¬âclient relationship (Moleski Kiselica, 2005). A multiple relationship occurs when any of the following happens: a psychologist enters into a professional role with a client and (1) and at the same time enters into another roleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Why is this important, how does it improve the profession? APA Ethic Code 3.05a is important to the profession because it helps keeps the psychologist effective and objective by suggesting the psychologist to refrain from having a multiple roles with a client. However, a multiple relationship can cause a psychologist to be put in a dilemma that can be avoided if APA Ethic Code 3.05a is followed. In the case of a psychology professor, Dr. Switch, he had a graduate student that was having several issues with her boyfriend and battling depression. The graduate student asked her professor about what she should do concerning her problems. Dr. Switch knew that it would be could be harmful to his academic reputation if he takes on this multiple role as the graduates student professor and her therapist. However, he decided to take the multiple role after the graduate student continued to persuade him to let her be one of his clients. After a couple of sessions he found out the problems had escalated in her personal life. During class she slept mos t of the time because of problem in her life that caused her not to be able to do her work. It was then finals time and she told her professor that she did not feel able to do it. So Dr. Switch decided to extend her time to get the final done. Extending time to do a final was prohibited at the university unless it was for an extreme emergency.Show MoreRelatedA Case Study Involving A Counselor Who Violates The American Counseling Association Code Of Ethics998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof respecting their client. What happens when the counselor oversteps their boundaries and imposes their own beliefs on their client? This paper will introduce a case study involving a counselor who violates the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics, which every counselor should respect. Joe is a 35 year old mental health counselor and has recently received a referral to counsel a 35 year old female named Jill. Jill is currently struggling with depression and anxiety, which is heightenedRead MoreDr. Ronald M. Boggio Essay956 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreferred to by the Virginia Department of Corrections (as required by Code 37.1-70.4 (C)), for an evaluation report in which he conducted and completed. Dr. Boggio, was also an expert witness testifying for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Under Multiple Relationships which both covered by APA code of ethics sub-category 3.05 and Specialty Guidelines code 4.02; that he should have refrain from entering into multiple relationship if it could reasonably be expected to impair his objectivity, in performingRead MoreClinical Supervision in Counseling Essay1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmade by Joe and his supervisor. It is clear their personal values differ from those who choose to follow ethical codes in counseling. The APA and AC AÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical standards and codes have certain relations in comparison to the violations which Joe and his supervisor have perpetrated. To avoid breaches of ethical codes, there are ACA ethics committee members to inform appropriate relationship standards with all individuals involved in the counseling process. Clinical supervision is important to utilizeRead MoreThe Ethics And Integrity Of Two Research Articles1139 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswill analyze the ethics and integrity of two research articles. The first article, Social Networking and Professional Ethics: Client Searches, Informed Consent, and Disclosure (Harris, Robinson Kurpius, 2014). The second article, Child Rights as a Framework for Advancing Professional Standards for Practice, Ethics, and Professional Development in School Psychology (Nastasi and Naser, 2014). The standards and key portions of the American Psychological Association (APA) Code of Ethics (2010) of eachRead MoreThe Commonwealth Of Virginia V. Al len852 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswitness testifying for the state and the other for the defendant, and if they acted and behaved ethically during the proceedings. Successive information will be addressed to prove the thought process behind my opinion given in this case. The APA code of ethics and specialty guidelines will be used to support my reasoning. Furthermore, they will serve as a baseline of boundaries within the profession to determine the expert witnessÃ¢â¬â¢ influences to the case as well as their behavior within the professionRead MoreEthics in Psychology Essay848 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics in Psychology Our country was founded on certain moral principles. The moral principles which guide our lives are referred to as ethics. These ethics have an impact on how we interact with the world around us and shape our personalities; this happens even if we do not realize their immediate impact. It is for this very reason that ethics in psychological research became necessary. Ã¢â¬Å"One may also define ethics as a method, procedure, or perspective for deciding how to act and for analyzing complexRead MoreThe Ethical Principles Of Psychologists And Code Of Conduct999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany universities fail to provide appropriate education in their curriculum (e.g. practicum or internship) in forensic psychology. Therefore, as they obtain a career in this area they lack competency regarding the Code of Ethics, as well as other guidelines which can create ethical dilemmas in the future (Knapp VadeCreek, 2001). Additionally, these individuals lack competency regarding the roles of the fore nsic psychologist. The role of a forensic psychologist is to function as an expert witnessRead MoreHandling Disparate Information Of Leo872 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesclients and present them with harsh and derogative terms. There is also no element of integrity in Leo because he is trying to deceive the supervisor and his Dr. Vaji on his conducts during the role-playing exercise and the actual supervision. The APA Ethical Principles that help frame the nature of this dilemma are the principles of showing honesty in all professional relations; the principle of showing compassion, dignity and respect to the clients; and the principle of showing respect to the rightsRead MoreForensic Psychology And The Human Mind And Its Functions1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexpand, a plethora of careers and opportunities have and are becoming available. Of course, with anything new and/or unfamiliar, there is question of credibility and moral. Since law is a major component involved in this subfield of psy chology; the ethics involved in the practice must also be considered. In order to fully understand the merger between law and psychology, one must thoroughly examine all of the possibilities that forensic psychology has to offer. Working in the field of forensic psychologyRead MoreEthical Issues for the Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy1308 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto remain alert to potential ethical violations when working with their clients. The American Psychological Association s (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) (2010) provides some useful standards to help navigate this path. Keywords: religion, spirituality, ethics, competence, multiple relationships, informed consent, integrity, respect. Ã¢â¬Æ' Ethical Issues for the Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy Introduction
E-government refers to the transformation of the business of the government such as processes, operations and transactions that is driven by the information technology. This can happen both internally (streamlined government administration procedures for greater efficiency and effectiveness) and externally (simplified, enhanced government-client interaction via online connections) (Tan, Pan Lim, 2007). Singapore is a small country with a population of about four million with a small market and limited natural resources. We will write a custom essay sample on A World Class E-Government: Singapore or any similar topic only for you Order Now Although SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s position as an information gateway in the region has lead it to become a global hub which is attractive to many Multinational National Companies (MNC) (Chan Al-Hawamdeh, 2002). Singapore is a leader in the electronic governance that has invited worldwide recognition. SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s e-government offers 98% of all government services are provided online for businesses and the community. It is one of the first countries to have the Civil Service Computerization Program (CSCP). The above mechanism was followed by the e-Government Action Plans. These involved implementing as many public services online as possible, adding value to the e-services and providing a one stop service via the internet. Singapore has launched a iGov2010 plan in the aim of bringing the government a greater efficiency by integrating the back end processes of the government ministries and organisations. As per Tan, Pan Lim (2007) it improves efficiency in terms of utilizing less time, effort and material resources while maintaining a constant level of output. There are two portals offered by the government of Singapore which are namely for the citizens and the businesses. The portal offered for the citizens is known as the eCitizen Portal which is the single entry point for the community to access the services provided by the government and private corporations. The portal is to be accessed by the SingPass which is given to the citizens and permanent residents of Singapore. It is the single online user identification called the Singapore Personal Access. Through this system they can access their own confidential information. Also through the e-portal the community can post any thoughts on issues they are currently facing. For example the extensions of the smoking ban or the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s national climate change strategy. The portal offered for businesses involves the Online Business Licensing Service (OBLS). This is an one stop portal for government registrations and licenses required to conduct business in Singapore. Through this portal the applicant needs to complete only one integrated form for multiple licenses. The system provides consolidated online payment mechanisms for one-time payments for multiple license fees. This system has lead the processing time a business license to reduce from 21 days to 8 days saving businesses more than $2. million annually. Therefore the implementation of IT in the government has lead to an increase in effectiveness and efficiency in providing services to businesses. Another example of such is provided by Tan, Pan Lim (2007) where the unprocessed tax returns accumulated in the Singapore income tax department resulted in administrative backlogs and dissatisfaction among taxpayers. The e-filing system in the Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) has lead to greater efficiency in the department and the use of back-end infrastructure to incorporate taxation calculations and regulations has improved its effectiveness. Question 1: Explore the two portals. What are the benefits to both the community and businesses? In Singapore, citizens have quickly warmed up to the e-Government services. Activities such as renewing road taxes and e-filing of income tax returns over the internet are now common among the community (n. a. , 2006). The main benefit for the community is the lessened administrative burdens they have to go through for payments, renewals and other services. The e-Government would lead to an improved quality of information with a reduction in the process time. It would also result in cost reduction for both the community and the ministries. These improved service levels would lead to efficiency where the community operating with the e-Government would be satisfied (Corsi, Gumina Ciriaci, 2006). Another benefit that is enjoyed is the ability for the citizens to use their mobile phones to interact with the government services. There are many services offered by the e-Government in Singapore that is compatible with the hand held device. For example Housing Development Board and IRAS. Another benefit provided is the use of SingPass to access the individuals own MyeCitizen account. Having this unique SingPass would enable the privacy and confidentiality of the citizens. The users can personalise the portal and they have a variety of channels to choose from such as MyTravel, MyKids and MyCareer. Lastly the ability of the citizens to voice out their opinions is a great benefit for both the government and the citizens. Businesses have also benefited by the services provided by the e-Government. It is an increased efficiency and convenience to deal through the online platform. The offering of the Online Business Licensing Service (OBLS) allows the applicant to complete one integrated form for multiple licenses. The website provides the applicants with step by step guide which makes it trouble-free for the business to apply for licenses. By the OBLS the processing time of applications were reduced from 21days to 8days. This would be an efficient approach for the business where they can concentrate on other parts of starting up the business without a delay from the government authorities. Question 2: According to the chapter, there are six stages in the transformation to e-government. Which do you think Singapore is in? Why? In order for a transformation of a traditional government to an fully functional online government, there are six stages that are to be completed. These factors are explained in Wong (2000). Stage one is information publishing/dissemination which involves providing information on individual govermental departments by seting up their own website. It allows the community and businesses to choose from a range of services and contact for further assistance. By this activity the, the government departments would be able to reduce the number of phone calls customers need to make in order to clarify requests. Stage two is the Ã¢â¬Å"officialÃ¢â¬ two-way transactions where the customers are able to submit personal information and conduct monetory transactions with individual departments through secure websites. At this stage customers should be convinced about the departments ability to keep the information private. Stage three is the multi-purpose portals. It involves integrating different departments. A portal allows the customers use a single point of entry to send and receive information and to process monetory transactions across many departments. Stage four is the portal personalisation where the customers can customise portals with their desired features. The goverment needs a much more sophisticated web programming that allows the interfaces to be user-manipulated. By the personalisation activity, the government can have a clearer read on the customer preference for electronic versus non-electronic service options. Stage fiveinvolves the clustering of common services where the customers now view the once-diparate services as a unified package through the portal. They tend to recognise group of transactions rather than than the group of agencies. Therefore the government will cluster the services along common lines to accelerate the delivery of shared services. Stage six involves the full integration and enterprise transformation. This is the stage where all departments across the government is integrated with technology. It would bridge a shortened gap between the front and back offices. SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s e-government is in stage six in the DeloitteÃ¢â¬â¢s transformation model. E-government in Singapore has carried out Action plans since year 2000 regarding the accessibility, integration and providing value added services with one-stop service via the internet. There iGov2010 plan was launched in 2006 which involves bringing the e-government to a greater level of efficiency. This is to accomplished by back end processes across the entire governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s ministries. Question 3: What could other governments learn from the example of Singapore?Ã Despite the differences in Singapore and other styles of governments, there are things a country can learn from SingaporeÃ¢â¬â¢s e-government experiences. Singapore has enjoyed political stability since independence in 1965 and the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Action Party (PAP) has been in government throughout that period. Due to the one party government system, there has been little or no disruption of policy implementation, which has enhanced the effectiveness of the delivery mechanism of public services. This stability has created well-organized institutions that help all stakeholders to adopt e-Services. Investments and master plans have leaded the success story of Singapore. For an instance in 2005,, the Singaporean government introduced a master plan to tackle security issues. S$38m (? 12. 3 million) will be invested in this plan to ensure a secure online environment. Incentives for tax-payers who submit tax declarations electronically, extensions of deadlines for those who are willing to declare their incomes electronically and lower fees for people who apply for their passports online are some incentives given by the government to promote e services and thereby an e governance. The social strengths of Singapore have been demonstrated by an educational system that produces a well-educated workforce to attract foreign direct investment (FDI). Not only developing its own pool of local talents, Singapore also recruits foreign talents to work in both the public and private sectors. Time saving, convenience and actual monetary savings are the main drives to pull e-Users to e-Services. In conclusion, one country cannot be a model of another country. But any country can be inspired by another. Singapore is a good example for other countries to open doors toward the success. How to cite A World Class E-Government: Singapore, Essay examples
Question: Discuss about theCritical Analysis Of Nursing Care. Answer: Nursing can be defined as a noble profession within the Health Care Sector that comprises of caring for different patients, families or communities regardless of contributing factors like race, gender, religion and socioeconomic status, in order to ensure providing optimal health care to each and every sector of the society. Nurses can be differentially recognized from the rest of the allied health care staffs in regard of their specialized training, codes of conduct and practice, and the scope of the service. Along with that, the registered nurses are also entrusted with the task of administering medication to the patient during urgencies given the fact that they are trained and hold certified registration for medication administration (Blegen et al., 2013). Along with that another very important fact is that nursing profession and the job roles come with it are very multifaceted, there are various dimensions to the responsibilities that a nursing professional has to fulfill. For in stance, along with patient assessment, care planning and implementation, a very important aspect of nursing profession is establishing a mutually respectful therapeutic relationship with the patient. It has to be understood that the patients and their family members spend most of the time in the health care facility with the nurses; hence nurses are the most approachable personnel for the patient and their family members to share their preferences or grievances. Hence, with the importance of the nursing professional so grave, unsatisfactory professional conduct can be extremely detrimental to the health and safety of the patient under consideration. It has to be understood that nurses play the role of a moderator, bridging the gap between the treatment decisions from physician, therapists or dietician and the perception and needs of the patient and his or her family. It has to be understood that in certain cases, the nurses might need to take full responsibility of taking critical c linical decision in emergencies on their own and save the life of their patient, and the nurses are trained and skilled to take up this responsibility (Butts Rich, 2012). Hence, professional ethics mandate the nurses to take adequate clinical edcisions and implement emergency care protocols in case of any emergency deteriorating in the condition of the patient, and any nursing professional not abiding to this protocol violates a number of key codes of conduct of nursing ethics. This assignment will attempt to incorporate nursing roles and practice guidelines from NMBA in hopes of exploring the impact of unsatisfactory professional conduct from nurses in case4 of emergencies taking the help of a case study. Nurse-client interaction is the main region in cooperative nursing hypotheses. These speculations are focused on enhancing medical attendant customer relationship, considering the qualities in nursing like respectability of human and the need of sensitivity and human associations. From their perspective, nursing care is a human procedure instead of a mechanical practice and it will build the wellbeing and feeling of prosperity in customers (Chiarella White, 2013). An appropriate and viable human collaboration has been one of the basic necessities for nurture graduates up until this point, yet overlooking the customer as a care design member and showing standard and programmed nursing care rather than an expert minding have been left as one of the primary difficulties in nursing training. In an immediate situation, a succession of exchanges including understanding conduct and medical caretaker response happens until the point when the patient's requirement for help, as he sees it, is illuminated. The medical attendant at that point settles on a proper activity to determine the need in collaboration with the patient. This activity is assessed after it is completed. In the event that the patient conduct enhances, the activity was fruitful and the procedure is finished. In the event that there is no change or the conduct deteriorates, the procedure reuses with new endeavors to illuminate the patient's conduct or the suitable nursing activity. In the emergency of nursing situation, every patient's conduct must be surveyed to decide if it communicates as requirement for offer assistance (Colvin et al., 2013). Moreover, indistinguishable practices by a similar patient may demonstrate distinctive requirements at various circumstances. The nursing activity should likewise be particularly intended for the prompt experience. Nursing and Nursing Board of Australia or NMBA have several statements or guidelines in order to ascertain the ambit and responsibilities of the registered nurses in Australia. Registered nurse (RN) practice is person centered and proof dependent with deterrent, remedial, developmental, steady, remedial and end of life components. The RNs perform in remedial and proficient relations with different people, be it patients or their families, gatherings and groups. These individuals might have medical complications manifested as physical or psychological instability along with wellbeing challenges. These challenges can be represented by physical, mental, formative and additionally intelligent handicaps. As controlled wellbeing experts, RNs are capable and responsible to the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). The above mentioned are considered the National Registered medical attendant norms for training for each and every RN (Din Gastmans, 2013). Simultaneously with NMBA be nchmarks, codes and rules, these Registered medical caretaker gauges for training ought to be clear in present practice, and advise the improvement of the extents of training and goals of RNs. The Registered medical attendant norms for training comprise of the accompanying seven measures: Critical and analytical thinking for nursing practice Building mutually respectful and therapeutic relationship Maintaining and broadening the practice scope and competence Comprehensive and realistic patient assessment Devising scientifically reasonable nursing care plans. Providing safe, suitable and receptive quality nursing care. Evaluating patient outcome to improve quality of care (Johnstone, 2015). There are in total ten codes of professional standards for registered nurses. According to these codes, there are some guidelines nurses are required to follow when working which include nurses must practice in safe and competent manner; the professional approach should always be given the highest importance; the laws relevant to nursing practice should be kept in mind while practicing; nurses should maintain the confidentiality factor in regard of the identity and disease condition of the patient. Now it has to be understood that the illustration of any standards is governed by the criteria mentioned in the standard itself. These criteria require being deciphered in accordance to the training received by the RNs. It can be further explained by the fact that all the registered nurses have to work in collaborative manner and delegate obligations, however only one out of each odd RN will employ any medical caretaker for the practice if need be. In case the criteria lack comprehension a nd empower and facilitate for the RNs to achieve absolute advancement in their professional expertise (Levett-Jones Bourgeois, 2015).The Registered medical attendant guidelines for training involve all training ranges for all RNs. However the standards mandates these principles to be followed in coordination with applicable NMDA buddy archives, for instance, the gauges, codes and regulations, such as the Code of expert refers to medical attendants, Code of morals involves the medical caretakers, most basic nursing care leadership devices are addressed and improved by National system, Supervision rules assist in maternal nursing care, and Guidelines for compulsory notices. The professional boundaries of nurses are mentioned in different set of guidelines. A nurse enters into a therapeutic relationship with the patient and they do get access to voluminous amount of personal information with respect to the patient and the concerned family. The imbalance in command will result in poor quality of service putting the lives of the vulnerable patients at risk. The professional standard requires the best outcome to be met by the nurses in regard of the therapeutic fate of the patients. There is another accountability of helping other colleagues in the same profession and all of these actions are to be executed within the set limit. Professional boundary in nursing is defined as limits that protect the freedom between occupational power and the naivet of patient (McGowan, 2012). This means there is a margin that marks brinks between an occupational, therapeutic relationship along with an attachment involving nurse and a diseased person. When a nurse transcends a guideline, usually behaving in a manner that is not coherent to the norms the misuse of power is to be perceived as a breach of NMBA statement. Figure 1: Professional Boundaries of nurses Source: (Nursingnursingboard.gov.au 2017) There are guidelines for registered nurses providing suitable framework and scaffolding for the actions to be taken up by them. They work in a more person-centered atmosphere and now a days the evidence based practice has turned the contribution by registered nurses more effective and fruitful (McGowan, 2012). The concerned patient in the case study is an old patient who is 81 years old and was admitted in the hospital on 6th January, 2013 with gasping for breath symptom along with other complications. These complications include diabetes, leg edema, tachycardia and hypotension. The patient was a female patient and her condition did not improve over a period of time after the admission. Her condition was aggravated in the afternoon on 11th January, 2013 and her blood pressure and respiratory rate were abnormal and the concerned respondent nurse was called in to the picture at this instance of time. There are various aspects associated with this case study has been discussed in the following section (Moxham, 2012). The accountability of the concerned nurse cannot be overlooked in this particular case. The nurse herself has also accepted the fact that duty derelictions have happened on her part. Nurses are usually given appropriate training and clinical internship provision in order to enable them to handle the work pressure in real life situation. Hence, it is expected that there should be a clear conscience on the part of the concerned respondent or the nurse regarding the fact that professional responsibilities have been breached on several occasions (Moxham, 2012). The NMBA standards or codes or statements which have been violated in this context include the codes of ethics. Ethics direct a nurse to always put the well being of patient as the prime priority. That has not been met here. The statements of professional standards and boundaries have also been violated when the nurse was indifferent to the first instance of aggravation of patients condition and later reluctant when doctor was expected to be called. The first guideline in the NMBA standards deals with the laws and regulations which have been violated in this regard. The laws identify legislation that governs different nursing practices; explains nursing practice standards in accordance with the common law; explains medication administration protocols in regards with the legislative requirements; recognizes the legal implications of providing nursing care; intervention actions express the level of awareness of the said lawful implications of nursing practice along with explaining effe cts imparted by the legislation upon the caring procedure of patients, and lastly it also uncovers unethical practice which relates to confidentiality and privacy legislation (Nursingnursingboard.gov.au., 2017). The policies of registered nurses ensure that the interests of the patient and his or her families are always addressed properly which has not been followed in this particular case study pertaining to the flag policy. That means when vital status of the patient was in red zone after 17:20 hrs, emergency action was not taken up. Some contributing factors in the professional behavior of the concerned nurse could have been changed; the outcome of the patient could have been different. These action points include the first occasion when the respiratory rate and blood pressure level showed the primary concern; the time when doctor should have been called which was not performed and a local doctor accidentally came at 2200 hrs. The nurse did not document the aggravation of symptoms at 1820 hrs. The fatal outcome of the patient could have been avoided in case the first time reading abnormality could churn the nurse to pay heed and doctor or specialist was called immediately (Powell Davies, 2012). The example care at par the graduate training in the nursing school should include an immediate care plan right after the admission of the patient and the abnormality in respiratory rate and blood pressure readings would have been informed to doctor. The onset of abdominal pain and diarrhea should have been treated with specific medication, rehydration and care plan. The red zone readings of vital statistics should prompt the nurse to inform the physician further along with checking the care plan and attached installations again. These exemplary actions could have been able to avoid the fatal consequence or death of the patient on the next day (Ross, Barr Stevens, 2013). The profession of nurses and midwives consists of tremendous responsibility regarding the health of the patients and their general well being and hence, a sense of duty should always prevail among the professionals in this field. The concerned respondent or the nurse has been proven to be guilty of dereliction of duty as a nursing care specialist on several occasions and thus the applicable regulations should be implemented in this regard. The patients are usually vulnerable in most of the cases not being aware of their actual health condition and nurses are the primary set of people who come in contact with these nave sufferers. They need to be adequately aware in order to serve in an infallible and efficient way (Chiarella White, 2013). Reference: Blegen, M. A., Goode, C. J., Park, S. H., Vaughn, T., Spetz, J. (2013). Baccalaureate education in nursingand patient outcomes.Journal of Nursing Administration,43(2), 89-94. Butts, J. B., Rich, K. L. (2012).Nursing ethics. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Chiarella, M., White, J. (2013). Which tail wags which dog? Exploring the interface between professional regulation and professional education.Nurse education today,33(11), 1274-1278. Colvin, C. J., de Heer, J., Winterton, L., Mellenkamp, M., Glenton, C., Noyes, J., ... Rashidian, A. (2013). A systematic review of qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators to the implementation of task-shifting in nursing services.Nursing,29(10), 1211-1221. Din, L., Gastmans, C. (2013). Trust in nursepatient relationships: A literature review.Nursing Ethics,20(5), 501-516. Johnstone, M. J. (2015).Bioethics: a nursing perspective. Elsevier Health Sciences. Katsikitis, M., McAllister, M., Sharman, R., Raith, L., Faithfull-Byrne, A., Priaulx, R. (2013). Continuing professional development in nursing in Australia: Current awareness, practice and future directions.Contemporary nurse,45(1), 33-45. Levett-Jones, T., Bourgeois, S. (2015).The Clinical Placement-E-Book: An Essential Guide for Nursing Students. Elsevier Health Sciences. McGowan, C. (2012). Patients confidentiality.Critical care nurse,32(5), 61-64. Moxham, L. (2012). Nurse education, research and evidence-based practice. Nursingnursingboard.gov.au. (2017).Nursing and Nursing Board of Australia - Professional standards.Nursingnursingboard.gov.au. Retrieved 7 September 2017, from https://www.nursingnursingboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx Powell, A. E., Davies, H. T. (2012). The struggle to improve patient care in the face of professional boundaries.Social science medicine,75(5), 807-814. Ross, K., Barr, J., Stevens, J. (2013). Mandatory continuing professional development requirements: what does this mean for Australian nurses.BMC nursing,12(1), 9.
Sunday, May 3, 2020
ompare and contrast the role of two minor characters from two different plays Essay Example For Students
ompare and contrast the role of two minor characters from two different plays Essay In the play Twelfth Night Maria is a waiting gentlewoman for Lady Olivia. She mainly plays the part of a catalyst and shows an interest in playing jokes particularly on Malvolio. Another waiting gentlewoman is Charmian in the play Antony and Cleopatra. She can best be described as a loyal servant and friend to Cleopatra. Both of these women play significant roles in their respective plays although they do not serve for the same purpose. Maria role in Twelfth night is to stir up trouble. Although she is a servant to Olivia she is not genuinely thinking of Olivia when she tries to enforce the rules. This is shown when Maria says My lady will hang thee for thy absence. (Act I Sc. 5 Line 3). She is exaggerating but it is interesting how instead of saying, You are supposed to be here! she says, My lady will kill you when she sees you. It more seems like Maria is trying to tell Feste how much trouble he is in then to scold him. This is in contrast to how I believe Charmian would have handled the situation. Charmian is portrayed as a friend to Cleopatra and therefore is truly thinking about pleasing Cleopatra. In the same situation Charmian would have been angrier that Feste left and that he did not think about Olivia. This shows the different ways that Maria and Charmian feel about serving their Lady. Charmian and Maria both have the same duty to serve their Lady but the importance of each as a waiting gentlewoman is different. Olivia and Cleopatra are both in the last act of their respective plays but in Twelfth Night, Maria is no where to be seen. Most of the cast comes on stage but Maria never does. In Antony and Cleopatra, Charmian is on stage with Cleopatra for almost the whole last act. This suggests the function Shakespeare intended for the two characters was very different. Charmian was mainly meant to be a supporting character for Cleopatra. This is able to be seen in scenes such as Act I Scene 5 where Cleopatra and Charmian have a friendly conversation in which they joke around about men. Shakespeares function for Maria was as a catalyst that would help to spread the trickery going on in the play. She is an organizer of the trick played on Malvolio. It is ironic that she is a servant and spends most of the play ordering people around. An example of this is when she says: Nay, I prithee, put on this gown and this beard; make him beleive thou art Sir Topas the curate. Do it uickly. Ill call Sir Toby the whilst. (Act IV Scene 2) In this scene although she is not directly involved with speaking with or deceiving Malvolio, she has pressured other characters to do it for her. She does have one scene (Act II Scene 5 Lines 15-30) where she actually does participate in tricking Malvolio by dropping the letter that Malvolio will find but she quickly leaves and only Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, and Fabian are left. During Twelfth Night, Maria is in many scenes alone with people other than Olivia. It gives the impression that she is sneaking around behind Olivias back or is neglecting her. This is -Olivias period of mourning yet Maria is not with her for a large amount of the play. Alternitavly, Charmian is never in a scene without Cleopatra being there too. Even in the final moments of her life Cleopatras body is next to her (Act V Sc. 2 Lines 310-328). The characters of Charmian and Maria differ in their roles, amount of duty that they have to their superiors, interaction with other characters, how much, when, where, and with whom they appear on stage. Although they are both gentlewomen their characters are extremely different and serve a unique purpose in each play.